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Komodo dragons fighting one another.

The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), commonly known as the Komodo monitor, is a monitor lizard indigenous to the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, and Gili Motang. It is the biggest living species of lizard, reaching a maximum length of 3 metres (10 feet) and weighing up to 70 kilograms (150 lb).

Komodo dragons are apex predators that dominate the habitats in which they inhabit due to their size. Komodo dragons ambush and hunt prey such as invertebrates, birds, and mammals. They are said to have a deadly bite; there are two glands in the lower jaw that produce numerous harmful proteins.

Although the biological relevance of these proteins is debatable, it has been demonstrated that the glands produce an anticoagulant. The collective hunting behavior of Komodo dragons is unique in the reptile world. Komodo dragons eat mostly Javan rusa (Rusa timorensis), although they also consume a significant quantity of carrion. Humans are occasionally attacked by Komodo dragons.

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